Séminaires d’Économie des Transports

Le Séminaire d’Économie des Transports regroupe tous les mois des chercheurs autour de la présentation des travaux d’un chercheur invité. L’objectif de ce séminaire est de renforcer l’émulation scientifique au sein du laboratoire et de créer ou renforcer les collaborations avec les chercheurs invités et leurs laboratoires respectifs.

Nous accueillons le

jeudi 8 février à 14h en salle de documentation (MSH)

Rémy Le Boennec (CEREMA, MATRiS)

The impact of working from home arrangements on urban sprawl when the firms pay for the home office

 

Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic has prompted a widespread adoption of working from home (WFH) arrangements between firms and working households. While WFH enables firms to save physical office space, it necessitates additional floor space to accommodate home-based activities. This raises the question of whether land transfers from work to residential areas can be reconciled with urban sprawl containment strategies, maintaining the overall city size unchanged. To address this question, we employ a standard urban economics monocentric model. Our aim is to assess the potential for achieving urban sprawl containment despite the prevalence of WFH, depending on the type of agent who pays for the additional housing costs associated with the home office. We compare three WFH scenarios against a reference case without WFH: (1) households fully covering the additional housing costs, (2) firms fully covering the costs, and (3) firms partially covering the costs, specifically for the share of home-based activities. Our analysis reveals three key findings. Firstly, across all three scenarios considered, the introduction of WFH arrangements leads to an expansion of the city boundary. Therefore, there is no WFH arrangement that can achieve better containment of urban sprawl compared to the reference case. Secondly, the scenario where households bear the cost of the home office demonstrates superior urban sprawl containment compared to scenarios where firms partially or entirely cover the costs. Lastly, to effectively control city size between scenarios with and without WFH arrangements, the local authority could increase commuting costs by implementing a road pricing policy.

 

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